Added: Tashanna Recker - Date: 04.04.2022 00:50 - Views: 25257 - Clicks: 1394
Speed skatingthe sport of racing on ice skates that originated in the Netherlands, possibly as early as the 13th century. The blade of the modern speed skate is longer and thinner than that of the hockey or figure skate. When planted on the ice with weight upon it, the blade describes a nearly straight line. Only the last few feet of the stride curve slightly outward as the skate leaves the ice. Length of stride has tended to diminish since the days of the to metre to foot stride attributed to the English champion William Smart, who was active during the midth century.
The modern racing stride rarely exceeds 9 metres 30 feet and is usually about 5 or 6 metres. In the clapskate was introduced by speed skaters from the Netherlands.
The clapskate features a hinge at the toe of the shoe that allows for greater extension and a longer stride. In order to profit as much as possible from every stride, skaters crouch so that their stomachs and thighs are almost touching. In addition, they wear special skin-tight, hooded suits that cut down air resistance.
International speed skating involves a course with straight sides and curved ends of such a radius that no slackening of speed is necessary. The competitors race two at a time on a two-lane track and race against the clock.
Each skater must keep his own course. The advantage of the inner curve is given alternately, and a space called the crossing line is left open along the backstretch for the skaters to switch tracks. The Nagano Olympic Games were the first to require skaters in the metre event to race twice per heat—once in each of the lanes.
The times are then combined to determine a winner. The official track measures metres about one-quarter mile. World championships are decided annually under the supervision of the International Skating Union ISU at distances of1, 1, 5, and 10, metres for men and1, 1, 3, and 5, metres for women.
An offshoot of speed skating, which takes place on indoor or outdoor rinks, is short-track speed skatingdone indoors on a metre foot track. Speed skating. Fast Facts. Videos Images. Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite.
While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions.
Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires. External Websites. See all media. Show more.
Study the double-arm swing of a speed skater's glide stride head on and from the side. Front and side views of the speed-skating glide stride. Britannica Quiz. Winter Sports Quiz. From flying down a mountain on skis to gliding around an ice rink on skates, winter sports can take many different forms. Take our quiz to find out how many you know—and learn some interesting facts along the way! Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Controversies surrounding the speed skating competition drew much attention.
Pack-style skating was introduced, whereby the competitors raced each other instead of skating in pairs and racing against the clock.
Europeans, unfamiliar with this style, fared poorly as two Americans, Irving Jaffee and Jack Shea, swept the events, each…. History at your fingertips. up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! address. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.Hot speed skaters
email: [email protected] - phone:(546) 477-4477 x 5101
Tag Archives: speed skating